London's Underground Railway Jan 9, 1863 : 150 Anniversary
Railway construction in the United Kingdom began in the early 19th century, and six railway terminals had been built just outside the centre of London by 1854: London Bridge, Euston, Paddington, King's Cross, Bishopsgate and Waterloo. At this point, only Fenchurch Street station was located in the actual City of London. Traffic congestion in the city and the surrounding areas had increased significantly in this period, partly due to the need for rail travellers to complete their journeys into the city centre by road. The idea of building an underground railway to link the City of London with the mainline terminals had first been proposed in the 1830s, but it was not until the 1850s that the idea was taken seriously as a solution to traffic congestion.The Metropolitan Railway opened on 9 January 1863 (the general public admitted next day), and was carrying over 26,000 passengers a day within a few months of opening.
|1863 Trial Run|
|1861 Trial Run|
|1863 Artist rendition steam power railway|